Rhodes is the largest island of the Dodecanese and the fourth largest island in Greece. The city of Rhodes is the capital of the island of the Dodecanese Prefecture. Located at the north end of the inside and outside walls of a well-preserved castle built by the Knights, it is one of the finest examples of medieval architecture.
The island's population is 163,476 inhabitants. The wider Urban Area of the City of Rhodes has a permanent population of approximately 120,000 inhabitants (2001), while the Municipality of Rhodes due to the internal migration in recent years, is estimated to have about 98,000 residents. According to the last census (2001), though, the city of Rhodes is officially 53,709 inhabitants and is the largest city in the Aegean Sea (2001).
Rhodes is located about 460 kilometers southeast of Athens and 18 kilometers southwest of Turkey. The island is mostly mountainous with intense vegetation and plains. The western side of the island is more fertile and forested than the east but has rocky beaches. The interior of the island is forested with lush vegetation.
The beautiful beaches, excellent climate, its natural attractions and historical monuments make it one of the most popular tourist destinations worldwide.